Bitters non-potable? Pshaw.

When a dash isn't enough

Cocktails with Lots of Non-potable Bitters

Many of the definitive cocktails from both vintage and modern times are held together by non-potable bitters - infusions of various barks, roots, spices, and other flavoring agents that were traditionally developed as medicine. Before Prohibition (but after the cocktail had been well-established), this usually meant Angostura, Peychaud's, Boker's, or orange bitters, which were key ingredients in drinks like the Manhattan, the Sazerac, and - despite what Winston Churchill said - the Martini.

Trinidad Sour

1 oz Bitters, Angostura
1 oz Orgeat
34oz Lemon juice
12oz Rye, Rittenhouse 100
Shake, double strain, cocktail glass, no garnish.

Today, bitters have expanded to include any number of artisanal products or housemade concoctions with flavors ranging from rhubarb and celery to chocolate mole and Jamaican jerk. Still, the cocktail-making procedure remains the same: mix together a base spirit, sugar or perhaps some liqueur and/or fortified wine, and a dash or two—at most—of bitters. After all, these are non-potable, the legal status which allows them to be sold places where other alcohol is prohibited, which is why you can get Angostura at your local grocery store even if you have to go somewhere else for the rye and sweet vermouth with which it belongs.

Don's Little Bitter

Shake with ice and double strain into a coupe glass.

Tres Sangres

12oz Bitters, Angostura
12oz Orange bitters, Regans' orange bitters
12oz Peychaud's Bitters
1 oz Sweet vermouth, Dolin (or Punt e Mes)
12oz Mezcal, Del Maguey Vida
12oz Rich demerara syrup 2:1
1 twst Lemon peel (as garnish)
1 twst Orange peel (as garnish)
Stir, strain, rocks, lowball or coupe, garnish.

This non-potable, dash-or-two status was generally upheld throughout cocktail history, with only a handful of standards calling for more (the most notable being the Seelbach, which has a full 7 dashes each of Angostura and Peychaud's). But there is a hidden history of non-potable bitters, filled with very potable concoctions which use bitters as a base spirit. The most iconic of these drinks is probably the simple Angostura Sour, featured in Charles H. Baker's classic The Gentleman's Companion—the only liquor in the drink is a full ounce and a half of Angostura. But like so many other things vintage, modern bartenders have revived and updated the concept. Valentino Bolognese won an Angostura cocktail competition in 2008 with the Trinidad Especial, a non-intuitive mix of equal parts Angostura and Orgeat balanced with lime juice and aged pisco. Since aged pisco is difficult to find in the US, this drink was tweaked by New York bartender Guiseppe Gonzalez to create a modern classic: the Trinidad Sour, which subs out the lime juice and pisco for lemon and rye, creating a delicious frothy cocktail that brings out the cherry wood in the Angostura.

Gunshop Fizz

2 oz Peychaud's Bitters
1 oz Lemon juice
12oz Simple syrup
3 sli Cucumber
2   Strawberry
3 twst Orange peel (wide swaths)
3 twst Grapefruit peel (wide swaths)
1 oz Sanbitter (or Campari & soda)
1 sli Cucumber (as garnish)
Muddle all but Sanbitter for 2 minutes to allow flavors to meld. Add ice, shake, strain, collins glass. Garnish.

The flood gates have since been opened on bitters-based cocktails (as well as drinks that provide more than a healthy dash of the stuff), which has revealed huge new avenues for mixologists to consider. Below are a few of the best—but don't stop here, keep on the lookout for more bitters-heavy drinks around Kindred Cocktails, and take your own swing at a new concoction as well. Who knows, it might get so popular you'll have the FDA knocking on your door.

Heering Flip

Dry shake, shake with ice, strain, low-ball, ice chunk, garnish 3 drops bitters
  • Trinidad Sour. Newcomers to bitter-based cocktails can ease into the genre with this surprisingly-accessible tiki-esque sour. Buy your Angostura in the really big bottle.
  • Don's Little Bitter. Even among bitters-heavy drinks, this ingredient list reads crazy. It tastes perfectly sane, however, even gloriously civilized.
  • Tres Sangres. The name means three bloods in Spanish and the finished drink's color makes it an accurate title. Don't let it scare you, though, this is a delicious and interesting addition to the genre.
  • Gunshop Fizz. Why a bartender would invent this is beyond me. The ingredient list and process make for no easy task—but a full 2 ounces of Peychaud's has to be tasted to be believed. If you've got the ingredients - and who doesn't have lemons, strawberries, oranges, grapefruits, cucumbers, and Sanbitter lying around the house? - it's worth making this one for a unique cocktail experience.
  • Heering Flip. Though it's not technically a bitters-based drink, the Heering Flip is one of the few drinks to feature a large amount of a modern bitters, the essential Bittermen's Mole bitters. Cherries and chocolate form a delicious after-dinner flip.

by Contributing Editor bza