Amaretto is a light brown colored, moderately sweet liqueur that smells and tastes of almonds. While almonds can be used to impart their flavor, it is much more common to use apricot pits, which contain amygdalin, which is converted by the body into hydrogen cyanide. Bitter almonds also contain this deadly chemical, along with benzaldehyde, which is responsible for the almond aroma.
Amaretto is linked to the town of Saronno, in Lombardy. One brand, Amaretto di Saronno, claims to be the original amaretto, with a recipe that dates back to 1525.
The history of amaretto has passed into legend and story — which says that Bernardino Luini, a pupil of Leonardo da Vinci, used the widow of a local innkeeper as a model for the Madonna for a fresco. She was so happy with his choice that she gave him a present of apricot pits steeped in brandy.
Some popular brands of amaretto include di Saronno, Luxardo, Amaretto di Amore, and Lazarroni, which is made with amaretti cookies instead of apricot pits.
Some popular cocktails containing Amaretto
- Existential Hero — Becherovka, Blanco tequila, Orange liqueur, Light rum, Amaretto, Lime juice
- Amaretto Sour (Jeffrey Morgenthaler) — Amaretto, Bourbon, Lemon juice, Maraschino cherry, Egg white, Simple syrup, Lemon peel
- Matt Smithizzle — Rum, Campari, Aromatized wine, Amaretto, Licor 43, Ginger liqueur, Allspice Dram, Bitters, Lemon juice, Simple syrup, Lime juice
- Ganymede, the Cupbearer — Vodka, Mead, Amaretto, Aperol, Maraschino cherry
- Nutty Frenchman — Orange liqueur, Walnut Liqueur, Bitters, Amaretto, Heavy cream, Orange peel