2 oz Gin (London Dry)

Shake. strain, up.


Ensslin's recipe is 2 parts London Dry gin, 1 part lemon juice, 2 dashes each Maraschino and Creme de Violette, with no garnish. Ted Haigh, in Vintage Spirits and Forgotten Cocktails has this as 2 1/2 oz gin, 3/4 oz lemon juice, and 2 or 3 dashes of Maraschino - it omits the creme de violette, which is a transcription error from Ensslin to the Savoy Cocktail Book. This can be made more floral with more violette and sweeter by reducing the lemon juice.

Cocktail summary
Aviation Cocktail
Wikipedia public domain
Posted by Dan on 6/06/2010
Created by
Hugo Ensslin, Hotel Wallick, New York, NY
Is an
authentic recipe

Recipes for Mixed Drinks, Hugo Ensslin, pg. 7

4 stars
4 stars
(94 ratings)
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From other users
  • My preferences mirror one other person's: 2 gin, 3/4 lemon, 1/2 maraschino, 1/4 violette. Cherry garnish — ★★★★
  • Use 2 oz gin, 3/4 lemon, 1/2 maraschino, 1/2 violette — ★★★★
  • 2 oz Gin (Sapphire); 0.5 lemon juice, 0.25 each Maraschino and Violette from https://www.thespruceeats.com/aviation-cocktail-recipe-760055 — ★★★★★
  • 2oz Aria gin, 3/4 oz lemon, 1/2 oz Luxardo, 1/3 is Elderflower (didn't have CdV), barspoon Toschi juice + cherry, finish w 2 dashes Peychauds & 1 dash orange flower water — ★★★★
  • This is good, I prefer the Death & Company ratios: 2 oz Plymouth Gin 1/2 oz Luxardo 1/2 teaspoon creme de violette (they use yvette) 3/4 oz lemon juice 1/4 oz simple — ★★★★
  • The version I make is: 2 oz Bombay Sapphire gin 1/2 oz lemon juice 1/2 oz Maraschino liqueur 1/4 oz Creme de Violette Shake ingredients with ice. Strain into a chilled cocktail glass. Garnish with a brandied cherry. — ★★★★★
  • My ratios: 2oz gin, .75oz lemon, .5oz violette, .5oz maraschino
  • I am ok with more violette — ★★★★
  • 2 oz gin, 0.75 oz lemon juice, 0.5 oz Luxardo (0.3 for piquancy), 0.25 oz Crème de Violette — ★★★★★
  • Preferred proportions: 2 oz. gin, 3/4 oz. lemon juice, 1/2 oz. maraschino liqueur and 1/4 creme de violette (or 1/3 oz. if I'm in the mood for something a little bluer and more floral). — ★★★★★
Similar cocktails
famico commented on 11/02/2012:

Gary Regan's Joy of Mixology book does a simpler, less lemon, more cherry, no violette, version: 2oz gin, 1/2oz maraschino, 1/2 lemon. If I like Regan's version, I'll get Creme de Violette later.

Dan commented on 11/02/2012:

I suspect that Gary, like Ted Haigh, omits the Violette or Yvette because at the time of the writing, it wasn't available. I think it's pretty clear that the original had either Yvette or possibly Violette in order to give it the characteristic light blue color. Today, Cooper's Yvette isn't blue, so I think most people are using Violette. That said, the Violette is very strong, so I personally recommend starting with only 1/2 tsp and increasing if you like that perfume-like floral flavor. I do think that the cocktail is much more interesting with Violette. The funkiness of the Maraschino somehow offsets the yuckiness of grandma's Violette -- in a counter-intuitive sort of synergy. I hate to say it, but since Violette is artificially colored, you could add a drop of diluted blue food coloring to achieve the color if you don't have (or don't want) Violette.

I'm going to clean up this cocktail and its five variations tonight. If you think one of them is worth saving - other than the Aviation Cocktail #1, which I think we should rename Aviation (Jacques Straub), please let me know.



DPlum commented on 3/21/2013:

I've tried to like this cocktail with similar proportions, but the lemon needs far more sweetener to make a comfortable balance on my tongue. I do find that the Creme de Violette does a wonderful job of toning down the harsher edge of the Maraschino and I really like the pairing in equal proportions. My current favorite proportions are 1.5 oz Gin, and .5 oz across the board for the Creme de Violette, Maraschino and Lemon Juice. The drink loses the famous sky-blue color, but still is quite a beauty with a cherry resting at the base.

I tried this cocktail last night for the first time using the proportions listed in the Haus Alpenz recipe which differs slightly from your recipe. Both, if I'm not mistaken, differ from Hugo Ensslin's recipe which I liked the best. I've started on a classic cocktail kick and didn't realize what I was missing.

jaba commented on 1/26/2014:

Are you sure it's only 2 dashes of Violette? I used the Rothman and Winter CdV for this recipe and I tasted no creme de violette and it wasn't at all blue.


I'm sure it's 2 dashes. You could try setting a "part" at 3/4 oz (which will make a small drink), or increasing the Violette until you like it.



Dan commented on 1/26/2014:

I use 1/4 tsp per dash, so about 1/2 tsp for this, which I find gives a nice background floral aspect and a slight greyish color. There is always uncertainty in what a dash is, especially for an ingredient that doesn't come in a dasher bottle.

Some use up to a 1/2 oz of Violette. There's no reason you shouldn't adjust this to your taste. You may have to adjust the lemon too.

jaba commented on 5/27/2014:

2 oz gin
1 oz lemon
1/2 oz maraschino
1 tsp CdV

Jmmrad commented on 5/29/2016:

It's hard to measure dash of CdV and Maraschino liqueur. I prefer the 1/4 oz CdV, 1/3-1/2 oz Maraschino along w 1/2-3/4 oz lemon juice and 2 oz gin.